Research: Impact Assessment of EAT – Education Against Tobacco – in the Training of Medical Students
Objectives: Research promoted by EAT UFLA in order to evaluate the relevance of the EAT (Education Against Tobacco) extension group in the academic life of medical students when compared to medical students who do not participate in EAT. In addition to studying the impact of EAT experimentation on the medical practice of Brazilian academics, we also sought to assess the communication and clinical skills acquired by these students.
We count on your participation. It is very important for the evaluation of medical education at your university! If you fall into the inclusion group, fill out this questionnaire here.
According to data from the World Health Organization (WHO, 2017), smoking kills about 6 million people annually (more than 16 thousand people per day). In 2030, that number will increase to approximately 8 million deaths annually. Various types of cancer, such as lung, kidney, esophagus, bladder, trachea, cervix, larynx and breast are directly related to smoking (INCA, 2012). Medical and other health professionals’ education is an important tool in the control and prevention of smoking, but it has been underutilized in most countries.
Methodology: This is a retrospective cohort study, in which the students participating in the EAT will be treated as the group of exposed and the non-participating group of the EAT as unexposed. The analyzed outcomes will be the acquisition of clinical and communicational skills of the medical student about smoking. The sample will consist of 90 students linked to the EAT and 180 peer students not associated with the EAT. Inclusion criteria will be the fact that they are students of the medical courses of seven Brazilian medical schools, namely: UFLA – Federal University of Lavras -, UFOP – Federal University of Ouro Preto -, UFJF – Federal University of Juiz de Fora -, UFTM – Federal University of Triângulo Mineiro -, UIT– Itaúna University, UNI-BH – Belo Horizonte University Center and FMiT – Itajubá Medical School. This criterion is justified once these universities have joined the Education Against Tobacco program for at least two years. Exclusion criteria will be the fact that students are enrolled in periods prior to the 5th academic semester, when theoretical classes and propaedeutic practices begin. Exclusion criteria will also be the fact that the student in the group of exposed students has participated in the EAT for less than one year. The data will be collected through a self-administered questionnaire, applied online, sent to the email of each of the research subjects. This questionnaire is structured and uses the 5-point Likert scale, previously validated.
The virtual platform used will be Google Forms, linked to the study email (firstname.lastname@example.org). The research already has the approval of the Human Research Ethics Committee of the Federal University of Lavras (UFLA).
Responsible Researchers: Daiana Godoy, Isabela Cortez, Gabriela Campbell, Dr Vitor Mati and Dra Miriam Graciano, and support from members of the national and international EAT Board of Directors: Dr Breno Bernardes and EAT’s founder, Dr Titus Brinker.
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